JOURNAL OF RADIOGRAPHY AND RADIATION SCIENCES (JRRS)
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HYPERSENSITIVITY REACTIONS TO UROGRAFIN (76%): A PILOT STUDY IN NORTHEAST NIGERIA
Prince Ameh Ogenyi, Andrew England, Yusuf Aliyu, Roswita Hamunyela, Dlama Zira Joseph, Dauda Maikudi
Background: Patients react to radiographic contrast media in diverse ways.
Objectives: To assess hypersensitivity reactions to Urografin contrast media among patients booked for contrast-enhanced computed tomography scans in a tertiary hospital in Nigeria.
Methods: A prospective, 30-minute observation of each of 30 patients who had administration of urografin 76% intravenously. They were observed from the point of administration to the end of the investigation. Observed clinical reactions were documented and results were presented in tables.
Results: Out of thirty patients, six patients (20%) had nausea which is termed as mild reaction. Four of them (13.3%) vomited, a condition considered as moderate reaction. Twenty (66.7%) did not present with any reaction to contrast within the study time frame.
Conclusion: Nausea and vomiting were reactions observed in the study. No severe hypersensitivity reaction among all the patients who participated in the study was recorded.
Keywords: Computed tomography, contrast, hypersensitivity, nausea, Urografin
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Ogenyi PA, England A, Aliyu Y, Hamunyela R, Joseph DZ, Maikudi D. Hypersensitivity Reactions to Urografin (76%): A Pilot Study in Northeast Nigeria. J Assoc Rad Niger, 2017; 31 (1): 29 – 33. https://doi.org/10.48153/jrrs/2017/CZDN7799
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