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Journal of Radiography & Radiation Sciences

2020;  (v 34): 1-1-6

 

Nigerian Radiographers Obligation to Diagnostic Reference levels (DRLs) in Medical Imaging

Adejoh, Tom.

https://doi.org/10.48153/jrrs/2020/GUDF2289

Copyright © 2017 The Association Of Radiographers Of Nigeria. All Rights Reserved.

This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution International License (CC BY).
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

Background: Diagnostic reference levels (DRLs) help to identify unusually high dose levels in medical procedures involving radiation. This will subsequently, stimulate quality control. There are legislations and guidelines requiring the Member States of the European Union to adopt DRLs. While about 72% of European countries, as well as the United States, have complied, and with subsequent reviews demonstrating significant dose reductions (16% – 30%), no evidence links any African country to replicate the same.

Objective: This work briefly reviewed the progress of Nigeria with regards to diagnostic reference levels (DRLs) and with particular attention to efforts by radiographers.

Methods: Google search was made with keywords of diagnostic reference levels as well as radiation dose in Nigeria. Over forty works were retrieved but only twenty- two which had specific relevance to the focus of the review were archived and read. The works were subsequently scrutinized to piece together the trend of DRLs globally, and locally.

Results: Publications on x-ray, mammography, fluoroscopy and computed tomography dose abound in Nigeria. Doses had wide variations in all modalities. There was no accessible evidence to indicate that any regulatory agency in Nigeria had keyed into the imperative of dose investigation, monitoring and reporting.

Conclusion: In conclusion, diagnostic reference levels in x-ray, mammography and computed tomography have been recommended by independent researchers in Nigeria. Regulatory agencies are urged to summon the will to give guidelines on the implementation of these DRLs in order to improve the optimization of protection for patients.


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